Why share your data? Data is shared for many reasons; it may be required by certain publishers, it may be required by certain federal funding agencies (e.g. NSF), it opens up research, it re-purposes data to answer new questions and facilitates new discoveries, and increases your research impact by making it citable by other researchers.
Data Sharing Preparations:
Once you decide to share your data, there are some data considerations that you need to prepare for like which file formats to use to ensure long term access, data documentation and metadata, and ownership and privacy issues like the data sharing implications with regards to copyright, intellectual property, and research participant confidentiality.
Data can be shared in many ways. The following list are some ways that data can be shared:
The following types of information are not required to be shared or archived by federal funding agencies:
A common problem for researchers is researcher identification consistency throughout a researcher’s career due to name ambiguities. Often times for example, a researcher may share the same name as someone else or have their name changed for various reasons; as a result of this, maintaining the link between you and your scholarly work is difficult. Having a ORCID identifier solves this problem.
When someone decides to use a dataset, it is important to cite that data. Citing data is important for several reasons like it gives the dataset owner credit, it gives users the ability to validate the dataset, and it allows for the data to be re-used.
Data Citation Elements:
There are some data features that are commonly used in a data citation and they are:
Additional Data Citation Elements:
As a rule of thumb, always try to provide as much information as possible. There are additional citation elements that are used to describe a dynamic or larger dataset and they are:
Data Citation Example:
There is no one standard for citing datasets; each respective data repository and publisher has their own guidelines. The following is an example of a data citation taken from the DMPTool’s website:
Kumar, Sujai (2012): 20 Nematode Proteomes. figshare. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.96035.v2 (Accessed 2016-09-06).
Source: DMPTool’s “Data Management General Guidance: DMP Tool”
Data Citation Guidelines: