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Measuring Research Impact Using Web of Science, Altmetrics, and Other Sources

Check Your Citations in Google Scholar

Google Scholar can also assist you in measuring the impact of your scholarship. Because Google Scholar may index work that Web of Science excludes in its citation counts (grey literature, non-ISI journals), you may find a lengthier list of citations using this tool.

To check your citations, navigate to

Type in the title of a book or article written by you. Enclose it in quotations and click on search – note that the article or book may come up in more than one instance, with additional or duplicate citations.

Sample Google search for "maus to manga and beyond"

Right-click on the "Cited by" link and open the link in a new tab.

Google Scholar entry for "Graphic novels in academia" with "cited by 51." emphasized

In the newly opened tab, use the sidebar options to sort or limit your citations by date.

screenshot of result for clicking an article's "cited by" link in Google Scholar

Be sure to check the citations in this list. Some may be incorrect or may point to book reviews, websites, blogs or syllabi which may or may not count as valid academic sources depending on your college or department requirements. To add links to library resources into your Google Scholar results, see the linked instructions.

Create a Google Scholar Citations Profile

Google Scholar now has a citation profile service. If you have a Google account, you can create a profile that displays your scholarly works and citations in Google Scholar and calculates certain metrics. Scholar profiles look like so:

Google Scholar profile of Anne-Wil Harzing

Read more about Google Scholar profiles and set up your own. Use the profile to present your latest scholarship, calculate metrics, and receive notices when you have been cited.

Google Scholar vs. Web of Science

Checking citations in Web of Science or Google Scholar presents particular advantages and disadvantages. For instance:

  • Web of Science can underestimate citation counts by leaving non-ISI-listed journals out of the general search. For non-ISI journals, Web of Science only lists first authors.
  • Web of Science has limited coverage for non-English titles. Both indexes may handle ligatures and diacritics incorrectly.
  • Web of Science may miss relevant scholarly content (like grey literature) but Google Scholar may include unwanted non-scholarly content (like blogs).
  • Google Scholar may have thin coverage of older publications, particular fields of study, and some scholarly journals.

Overall, it is advisable to check both sources and collect the citations that make the most sense for your discipline.

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