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Intellectual Property: Attribution and Copyright


Citation and Plagiarism for Students and Other Academic Writers

Attribution   --->   Citation/Plagiarism

  • Extremely important for academic work; a foundation of academic culture and practice ("building on the work of others")
  • Importance of knowing what to cite, i.e. concepts that are "common knowledge" don't have to be cited, but what is "common knowledge?"

2 Kinds of Plagiarism

  • Unintentional/accidental - using someone’s work in place of your own unintentionally because you were sloppy
  • Intentional -  using someone else’s work in place of your own purposely.

WSU Graduate School: Integrity in the Classroom

WSU Graduate School: Plagiarism and Why It Matters

Avoiding Plagiarism

Look at the handout (online students - it is linked on the left side of this guide. In-person student may prefer that version too, as the one I am handout out is not in color). This is very nice - its less nuts-and-bolts, and more about the big picture of why you use the work you use.


1. Take good notes, and make sure you have clear attribution (including page number(s), original source, database found in/doi,etc,)

2. Create a workflow process and schema for how you use other people's work in your own notes (Zotero and other reference management programs can really help with this)

3. Attribution is not always enough (Ask Jill Abramson!) - it needs to be linked to the specific content being attributed.

4. Using other people's work

5. Must properly cite creator of sources (text, data, web content (i.e. tweets), graphics (photographs, charts, collages, etc.), etc. in appropriate and accepted style (i.e. APA, MLA, etc.)

Resources for Education Students and Real-World Teachers

Intellectual Property Resources (Citation and Copyright)

Indigenous / Traditional Knowledge Intellectual Property

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