Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

AFS201

Research Guide for Dr. Henning Yeager's AFS201 class

Helpful APA Citation Links & Resources

Purdue University Online Writing Lab - Although this website has started to utilize advertisements and pop-ups, it's still probably the best APA resource online. 

There are some free citation management software applications that assist with organizing and exporting citations. You can learn more about those applications on this WSU guide. Such applications although helpful, do operate on a garbage in/garbage out principal. Those applications are:

 

In-Text Citations: Getting Started

In-text Citations are the citations that happen within the body of your paper. Here are some different ways to create in-text citations.

One Work by One Author
Example:

Quimby (2000) compared monorail systems

In a recent study of monorail systems (Quimby, 2000)

In 2000 Quimby compared monorail systems

 

One Work by Multiple Authors
When a work has two authors, always cite both names every time the reference occurs in text.
Examples:

As Smithers and Skinner (1993) demonstrated

...as has been shown (Nahasapeemapetilon & Ormand, 1989)

 

When a work has three, four, or five authors...
Cite all the authors the first time the reference occurs.


In subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. (including the period)
Cite the year if it is the first citation of the reference within a paragraph.
Example:

Hibbert, Rivera, Monroe, Foster, Zweig, and Colossus (1994) found
[Use as first citation in the text]

Hibbert et al. (1994) found
[Use as subsequent first citation per paragraph thereafter.]

 

 

Citing a Journal Article in Your Reference Section

Citing a journal article that has one authors

apa_journal_citation

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of articleTitle of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy*

A DOI (digital object identifier) is the standard way that researchers share and link to articles. Including DOIs has become typical in APA for electronic articles.

DOIs are unique and persistent identifiers. Each DOI points to only one article. You can search DOIs in databases. DOIs are typically displayed within the article record.

 

Citing a journal article that has multiple authors

apa_journal_multiple_authors

Author, A. A.. Bauthor, B.B., & Cauthor, C.C. (Year). Title of articleTitle of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy

Citing a Book in Your Reference Section

Citing Books 

One author

apa_book_citation_with_author

Author, A. A. (Year of publication)Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name.

 

Multiple authors

apa_book_citation_with_multiple_authors

Author, A. A., Bauthor, B.B., & Cauthor,  C.C. (Year of publication)Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name.

 

Books with multiple editions 

apa_multiple_editions

Author, A. A. (Year of publication)Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle (edition). Publisher Name.

 

Chapter in edited book*

apa_edited_chapter

Author's name(s). (Year of publication). Entry title. In Editor(s) (Eds.).Title of book (pages). Publisher.

*Example taken from the Purdue OWL Citation Guide

 

WSU Libraries, PO Box 645610, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-5610, 509-335-9671, Contact Us