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MLA Quick Citation Guide

Quick citation guide for using MLA 9 style

Formatting Notes

Unless directed otherwise by your instructor, when using MLA 8 Style for your paper, follow these steps for formatting your citations:

  • Start your works cited list on a separate page at the end of your paper
  • Double space all of your citations, but don't add extra spaces between citations. Spacing should be consistent for the whole list.
  • Use a hanging indent for each citation by indenting the second line and any following lines of a citation. 

The Purdue Owl site has a helpful page with more detailed information about formatting:

Due to some limitations on this guide's design, many of the examples do not use double spaces and hanging indents (they don't work well with responsive design). Any color-coded images of citations, however, do show citations with standard MLA style spacing and indents.


Book with One Author

color coded MLA citation of a print book

  • Author's name. Title of the book [in italics]. Publisher's name, Date of publication.
    • Author's name format: Last name, first name.

Butler, Octavia E. Kindred. Beacon Press, 1988.

Book with Two Authors

  • Authors' names. Title of the book [in italics]. Publisher's name, Date of publication.
    • Authors' name format: [Last] of first author, [First] of first author, [First] [Last] name of second author.

Gaiman, Neil, and Terry Pratchett. Good Omens. Ace Books, 1996.

Book with Three or More Authors

  • First Author's name, et al. Title of the book [in italics]. Publisher's name, Date of publication.

Battershill, Claire, et al. Scholarly Adventures in Digital Humanities: Making the Modernist Archives Publishing Project. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Part of a Book

  • Author's name. "Title of the chapter, section, or essay in the book." Title of the Book, Publishing Information (editors, Press, publication date). Inclusive page numbers.

Whitson, Roger. “How to Theorize with a Hammer; or, Making and Baking Things in Steampunk and the Digital Humanities.” Like Clockwork: Steampunk Pasts, Presents, and Futures, edited by Rachel A. Bowser and Brian Croxall, U Of Minnesota P, 2016, pp.33–50.


Journal, Magazine, & Newspaper Articles

Journal Article​color coded citation of a print journal article

  • Author's name. "Title of Article." Journal Title, Volume Number, Issue Number, Publication year, inclusive page numbers.

Dinkelacker, Horst. “The Renaissance of the German Garden Gnome.” Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 30, no. 3, 1996, pp. 27–33.

Newspaper Article

  • Author's name. "Title of Article." Title of the Newspaper, date, edition (if available), page number9s).
    • Newspapers page numbers often include a section letter with the page number(s). Write the page number or numbers as they appear in the newspaper.

Gottlieb, Annie. "A New Cycle in 'YA' Books." New York Times, 17 June 1984, p. BR24. 

Magazine Article

  • Author's name. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine, date, page number(s).

Dowd Lambert, Megan. "#Wegotdiverseawardbooks: Reflections on Awards and Allies." Horn Book Magazine, vol. 91, no. 4, Jul/Aug. 2015, pp. 101-104. 

Feinberg, Susan. "Latina Faculty Reshaping Higher Education." The Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education, vol. 22, no. 10, 27 Feb. 2012, pp. 8-11. 


  • Title of the Advertisement (or a description if there isn't a title). Title of the Publication Where You Found the Advertisement. date of the issue, page number(s).

Advertisement for NW Cryobank. Daily Evergreen, 14 Jun. 2018, p. 8.

Advertisement for South African Airways. Afar, Mar./Apr. 2015, 45.

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