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CSE Quick Citation Guide

The CSE citation style is frequently used in the Natural Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics).

Journal Citations

  • Author(s). Article title. Journal title. Date;Volume(issue):page numbers.

Example:

Simpson A. The Flying Hellfish: WWII liberators of art from Nazi Germany. Cypr J. 1989;9(1):49-58.

Electronic Journal Article from a Database

  • Reference list information for articles found online adds a medium designator—[Internet], including the brackets—at the end of the title of the journal, as well as a citation date and a URL.

  • The CSE Manual does not explicitly require this information if the online content is identical to the print content.

  • Author. Article title. Title of Periodical. [Internet] Year; volume (issue): page numbers. Edition or Release. Place of Publication: date of publication. [Cited date]. Number of pages. Available from: article URL; document number if available.

Example:
Skinner S. Evolution or intelligent design: the menu model of elementary science instruction. Science Educator. [Internet] 2005; 32(2)1975-2008. Release 3. NY: 2005. [Cited 2008 May 4]. 33p. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect/scienceeducator/32/2/skinner ; doi:123456789

Journals with two to ten authors

  • List them all.

Example:
Simpson A, Burns M, Lovejoy J. The Flying Hellfish: WWII liberators of art from Nazi Germany. Cypr J. 1989;9(1):49-58.

Journals with more than ten authors

  • List first 10 followed by "et al." or "and others".

Example:
Simpson A, Burns M, Lovejoy J, Gumble B, Christian S, Powers R, Simpson L, Flanders T, Simpson B, Burns L, et al. The Flying Hellfish: WWII liberators of art from Nazi Germany. Cypr J. 1989;9(1):49-58.

Journals' title 

  •  Abbreviate the significant words in a title
  • Omit articles, conjunctions, and prepositions
  • Do not use a period after each abbreviation. Put at the end of entire title

Example:
Simpson A, Burns M, Lovejoy J, Gumble B, Christian S, Powers R, Simpson L, Flanders T. The Flying Hellfish: WWII liberators of art from Nazi Germany. Cypr J. 1989;9(1):49-58.

Journals' date

  • For multiple years, put the first year and the last year, and put a hyphen between years
  • The month and day need to be included if there is no volume or issue numbers, and dates of update

Example:
Simpson A, Burns M, Lovejoy J, Gumble B, Christian S, Powers R, Simpson L, Flanders T. The Flying Hellfish: WWII liberators of art from Nazi Germany. Cypr J. 1989-1992;9(1):49-58.

 
Simpson A, Burns M, Gumble B, Christian S, Powers R, Simpson L, Flanders T. The Flying Hellfish: WWII liberators of art from Nazi Germany. Cypr J. 1989 Feb 10:15-35.

Journals' volumes and issues

  • Write both volumes and issues numbers in Arabic numerals
  • Separate multiple volume and issue numbers by a hyphen
  • Put issue numbers in parentheses

Example:
Simpson A, Burns M, Lovejoy J, Gumble B, Christian S, Powers R, Simpson L, Flanders T. The Flying Hellfish: WWII liberators of art from Nazi Germany. Cypr J. 1989-1992;13-15(1A-2C):69-78.

Books

  • Author(s). Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher; Date. Extent. Notes.

 

Example:

 
Lumpkin L, Simpson C. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; c1989. 419 p.

 
Lumpkin L, Simpson C. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; 1989-1992. 419 p.

 
Lumpkin L, Simpson C. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; [date unknown]. 419 p.

Example:
Lumpkin L. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. [place unknown]: Country Press; 1989. 419 p.

Books' dates

If the year of publication is unknown but the year of copyright is known, use the year of copyright, preceded by "c" For multiple years, put the first year and the last year, and put hyphen between years If both years are unknown, put date unknown within square brackets

Example:
Lumpkin L. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Powers R, Simpson L, editors. Washington, DC: Country Press; 1989. 419 p.

Books' place of publication

Universally known place such as New York or London can stand alone If there is no place of publication, put place unknown within square brackets

Example:
Simpson B, Callahan N, editors. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; 1989. 419 p.

 
Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; 1989. 419 p.

Books with both authors and editors

Put the authors first then put the editors after the title.

Example:
Lumpkin L, Simpson C, Simpson A, Burns M, Lovejoy J, Gumble B, Christian S, Powers R, Simpson L, Flanders T, et al. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; 1989. 419 p.

Books with no authors

If there are editors, put the names of editors followed by the word "editor" or "editors" If there are no authors and editors, begin with the title

Example:
Lumpkin L, Simpson C,. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; 1989. 419 p.

Books with more than authors

List the first names of authors in the order in which they appear in the text followed by "et al" or "and others"

Example:
Lumpkin L. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; 1989. 419 p.

Books with two to ten authors

List all the names of authors in the order in which they appear in the text.

Conference Proceedings

  • Editor(s). Title of Book. Number and name of conference; date of conference; place of conference. Place of publication: publisher; date. Extent. Notes.

Example: Van Houten, N, Flanders R, Editors. Nachos Flanders style. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Stadium Food; Vancouver, British Columbia: Fallout Press; 1975. 620 p.

Conference Papers

  • Author(s). Title of paper. In: Editor(s). Title of book. Number and name of conference; date of conference;place of conference. Place of publication: publisher; date. Page numbers. Notes.

 

Example:
Van Houten N, Flanders R. Nachos Flanders style. In: Simpson, C, Lumpkin, L, editors. The Book of Nacho. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Stadium Food; 1976 Feb. 10-15; Vancouver, British Columbia. Pullman (WA): Fallout Press; 1975. p. 175-200.

Dissertations and Thesis

  • Author(s). Title of dissertation or thesis [content designator]. [Place of publication]: publisher; date. Extent. Notes.

Example:
Simpson, L. Level 5 Veganism: consumption of nothing that casts a shadow [master's thesis]. Springfield (OR): Springfield University. 2008. 248p.

Bibliography

  • Author(s), compliers. Title of bibliography[content designator]. Place of publication: publisher; date. Extent. Notes.

Example:
Flanders R, Flanders T, compliers. Biblical Allusions Flanders Style [bibliography]. Springfield (VT): University of Springfield. 2008. 1110 p. Lee S complier. Technology and Internet [bibliography]. Pullman (WA): University Press; 2008. 1110 p.

Patents

  • Author(s), inventors; patent holder, assignees. Title of patent. Country issuing the patent country code patent number. Publication date. Extent.

Example:
Leonard L, Carlson C, inventors; Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, assignee. Doughnut shaped nuclear reactor. US patent 4,777,123. 2008 Jun 10. 352 p.

Newspapers

  • Author(s). Title of article. Title of newspaper(edition). Date;Section:beginning page of article (column no).

Example: Simpson H. Glazed with Sprinkles. Springfield Shopper(Special Ed.). 2008 Jul 17.Sect. A:17(col. 2).

Websites and Homepages

  • Title of Homepage. Date of publication. Edition. Place of Publication: publisher; [date updated; date accessed]. Notes.

Example:

APSnet:plant pathology online. c1994-2005. St Paul (MN): American Phytopathological Association; [accessed 2005 Jun 20]. http://www.apsnet.org/

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