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CSE Quick Citation Guide

The CSE citation style is frequently used in the Natural Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics).

In Text Citations

CSE's name-year in-text reference takes the form of the author's last name and the year of publication, in parentheses.

Single Author

  • For in-text references, list the author and the year

Example:
Due to uneasiness on the part of male spectators the foot-long hotdog has been removed from the concession menu (Flanders 2002).

Same Author in Different Years

  • List the author and the years in chronological sequence

Example:
Flanders's studies of concession offerings (Flanders 1970, 1975) have shown that...

Same Author in the Same Year​

  • List the author and the years with the addition of an alphabetic designator to the year in both the in-text and end reference.

Example:
...and the most recent work on the Flying Hellfish (Burns 2001a, 2001b) is...

Multiple Authors

  • For 2 authors, list both names in the in-text reference, separated by "and".

Example:
...and the most recent work on the Flying Hellfish (Burns and Simpson 2001) is...

  • For more than 2 authors, list the first author followed by "et al." and the year

Example:
... but later studies (Carlson et al. 2004) determined that...

Corporation or Organization as Authors

  • List the initial letter of each part of name or readily recognizable abbreviation and the year

Example:
The landmark report on nuclear power (SNPP 1979) was...

Where to cite

Cite sources as close as practicable to the information they support. This might mean citing a source at the end of a sentence or in the middle of a sentence. 

If you name your author in the sentence near the citation, you do not need to repeat that name in the citation itself:

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