|Divide the literature into themes or categories||Distinct themes from the literature are discussed and analyzed||Popular approach because it allows for the integration of theoretical and research literature. Must be sure that themes are clearly related to the literature|
|Present the literature chronologically||Literature is divided into time periods||Useful when examining the development of a topic over time|
|Explore the theoretical and methodological literature||Discussion of theoretical literature followed by an exploration of methodological literature to demonstrate precedence for a particular research design||Useful when the literature on a topic is mostly theoretical with little or no research literature. Can be used to identify a need for more qualitative research|
|Examine the theoretical literature and research literature in two sections||A comprehensive discussion of both theoretical and research literature in two separate sections||May tend to be a description rather than a critical revew|
Cronin, P., Ryan, F., & Coughlan, M. (2008). Undertaking a literature review: A step-by-step approach. British Journal of Nursing, 17(1), 38-43. Retrieved from: https://bit.ly/2wLeCge.
For more information on these types of literature review structures, read:
NOTE: The citation format you use for your review will depend either on your instructor (if this is a class assignment) or on the journal to which you are submitting (if this is a research project).