Patent are a set of protocols that exist to protect intellectual property. Patents are granted via a country or a group of countries (such as the United Nations). Patents are granted to an inventor for a limited duration, To get a patent, the inventor must provide detailed information regarding their invention.
Patents are typically granted from specific countries. Patent numbers usually have a prefix that indicates the patent granting country.
For example, the patent US5418517A was generated from within the United States. This link provides the prefixes/country codes for patents.
Technical Standards are agreed upon ways to build, test, and ensure compatibility among products. Standards tend to come from either national and international organizations.
There are a numerous national and international organizations standard organizations. Such organizations include the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), American Section of the International Association for Testing Materials (ASTM), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and many more.
For more assistance regarding finding technical standards, please refer to this library guide.
Most Federal agencies provide technical reports, safety requirements, regulatory information, and various other useful resources to researchers free of charge.
Multi-Office Federal Data Repositories