This is something can be PROVEN true or false.
Facts can be verified with evidence. For example, if you see a statistic, you should be able to see where that statistics came from and how the author of that fact came to that conclusion.
Examples of facts:
Here is where it gets tricky.
Sometimes it might sound like someone is giving their opinion, even if they are giving facts. Sometimes it sounds like someone is giving facts, when they are instead giving their opinion.
Remember: It is okay to use papers that provide a specific point of view. However, that point of view must be proven by evidence - whether that is independent research, or research that others have conducted.
One way that you can evaluate your resource it by putting it through the CRAAP test. Ask yourself the following questions:
If you can answer NO to any of these questions below, you should think twice about using it:
Is it CURRENT?
Is it RELEVANT?
Is it AUTHORITATIVE?
Is it ACCURATE?
If you can answer YES to any of these questions below, you should think twice about using it:
What is its PURPOSE?